Fort Wayne (UK) Fort Wayne) is a city in Allen County, Indiana, the United States of America, and is the county office location of the county. The population is estimated to be 254,555 from 2012, the second largest city in Indianapolis, and the 74th largest city in Japan. It is located in the northeastern part of the state, about 18 miles (29 km) to the eastern border of Ohio, and 50 miles (80 km) to the northern border of Michigan. It is a major city in the Fort Wayne metropolitan area consisting of Allen, Wells, and Whitley, and the population of the urban area is estimated to be 419,453. In addition to the above three counties, the estimated population of the metropolitan area, which included Adams County, Decarb County, Huntington County, Noble County and Stuben County, is 615,077.
|Fort Wayne |
City of Fort Wayne
Fort Wayne Center From Lizzavar Park
|Nickname: city at the top of the world|
Location of Allen County in Indiana (right) and Fort Wayne in Indiana
|founder||Jean François Hamtram|
|City||287.05 km2 (110.83 mi2)|
|land||286.50 km2 (110.62 mi2)|
|water surface||0.54 km2 (0.21 mi2)|
|water area ratio||0.2%%|
|urban area||350.30 km2 (135.25 mi2)|
|urban area||3,543 km2 (1,368 mi2)|
|Elevation||247 m (810 ft)|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|population density||885.5 people/km2 (2293.4 people/mi2)|
|equal time||Eastern Standard Time (UTC-5)|
|daylight saving time||Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4)|
|Official website: Fort Wayne|
In 1794, under the direction of the General and Statesman Anthony Wayne during the American Revolution, the last fort in the United States Army was a series of forts built near the Kekionga settlement of the Miami Indian. The fort was named after General Wayne. At the confluence of the St. Joseph, the St. Mary's and the Mormy rivers, a town was established as a trading base for European settlers. It was divided into sections in 1823, and developed greatly after the completion of the Wobash and Erie Canal and the opening of the railroad. Industrial cities, which were once hit by a boom, now belong to the last belt, and in recent years, economic diversification has advanced to rely on logistics, transportation, medical, manufacturing, specialized services and business services, leisure and lodging, and financial services. It is also the center of the defense industry, and its number of jobs is thousands.
Fort Wayne is a cultural center in northeastern Indiana, with 15 museums, galleries, two daily newspapers, symphony orchestras, botanical conservatory, zoo, and minor league teams, NCAA division I and 86 public parks. Indiana University, the fifth largest public university, Fort Wayne at Indiana University and Purdue University, as well as private Concordia Theological Seminary, Indiana Institute of Technology and St Francis University, are also located in Indiana. It is also recognized as a place where Johnny APPLESODE, a legend of American development, is buried.
Fort Wayne won the National City Prize in 1982, 1998 and 2009.
In the middle of the 17th century, the Miami Indians built a settlement called Kekionga, a capital of the Algonquian languages associated with the Miami, where the Maomi, St. Joseph and St. Mary's Rivers were gathered. In the 1680s, the first European French trader in the area established a base near Kekionga. It was a place for land transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi. In 1696, the Count Frontenak appointed Jean Baptiste Bissault Sur de Vincenne as commander of the French base. In 1697, France built its first fort, Miami, on the site, and was one of a group of forts built between Quebec and St. Louis. In 1721, a few years after Viso's death, Fort Sanphilip de Miami was built instead of Fort Miami. In 1744, the first census was carried out under the order of Governor Louisiana, with about 40 French and about 1,000 Miami. Tension between the French and the British increased in this territory, and the region was ceded to the British Empire as a result of the surrender of the French army during the French-Indian War in 1760. In 1763, as part of the Pontiac War, various Indian tribes rebelled against the British rule and seized the fort. The Miami regained control of Kekionga, which lasted more than 30 years.
In 1790, George Washington, the President of the United States, ordered the American army to secure Indiana. Three battles were fought against Little Turtle Chief and Miami in Kekionga. In the first two rounds, the Miami warriors defeated the American army. General Anthony Wayne led the third expedition and destroyed the village while the Kekionga warriors were away. When the Miami returned to the ruined village, Little Turtle made peace negotiations. When General Way refused, the Miami went on to Fallen Timbers, where they were defeated in a battle on August 20, 1794. On October 22 of the same year, the US army took the Wabash-Erie Land Route from the Miami Federation, and built a new fort at a place where the three rivers gathered, and named it Fort Wayne after the Shogun.
In 1819, three years after Indiana was promoted to the state, the Army camp was abolished and the Federal Land Administration sold the land ceded by local Indians under the Treaty of St. Mary's. In 1823, the division of the ward was decided, and it became an important front station for the frontier, and in 1829, it was incorporated as Fort Wayne Town. The population at that time was 300. The opening of the Wabash and Erie Canal made it easier to travel to the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River, increasing Fort Wayne's economic opportunities. On February 22, 1840, when it was reincorporated as Fort Wayne City, the population was 2,000. The name 'The City of Peak', the nickname of the city, comes from the fact that it is at the highest point in the canal. The Wobash and Erie Canal was important for the initial development of the city, but as soon as the first railroad, Pittsburgh Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway, opened in 1854 and competed with it, the canal was outdated.
At the turn of the twentieth century, the population of the city reached nearly 50,000. This was thanks to the large number of immigrants from Germany and Ireland. The "urban working class" grew in the industries related to industry and railways. The city's economy had a lot of responsibility for the manufacturing industry, which led to the era of innovation along with famous inventions from the city for a long time. From Fort Wayne City, baking powder, gasoline pumps, the first national lighting system, the first high-fidelity sound storage, a sake gas detector, a refrigerator, a trash disposer, a transistor radio, a jukebox and a calculator were developed, and in 1972 a home game machine was set up. In 1913, three rivers overflowed, seven died, 15,000 people lost their homes, damaged more than 5,500 buildings, and this became a natural disaster since the city began.
As automobiles became more popular, it became the first highway across the continent, the Lincoln Highway. When the Aircraft Age started, Smith Airport, the city's first airport, was established in 1919. The airport was the city's main airport, but in 1947, an airport that was used for military purposes during World War II was transferred to the city and Fort Wayne International Airport was established. The Great Depression, which started in 1929, affected most factories by the Great Depression. Although the stock market collapsed, Lincoln Bank Tower, the first high rise building in the city, the tallest building in the state at that time, was built. By 1935, the New Deal's Public Works Promotion Bureau had created 7,000 jobs in the development of infrastructure, including new parks, bridges, waterways and sewage plants costing $5.2 million.
The city started to grow again due to the boom after World War II, but the business started to move slowly from the central city to the suburbs. From 1950 to 1955, more than 5,000 houses were built, many of which were built in a large section of Denenbu, Allen County. A small shopping center in the suburbs followed and in 1947, the first Anthony Wayne Village opened in the city. In 1950, the first bypass road, Colosseum Boulevard, was opened in the northern part of the city, followed by the city's first stadium, War Memorial Coliseum, which gave a new opportunity for suburban expansion. The stadium was home by NBA's Fort Wayne Pistons from 1952 to 1957. The first indoor shopping mall, Glenbrook Square, was opened in 1965, followed by the opening of Southtown Mall in 1969 and the Interstate Expressway Route 69 to the north and west of the city, while the retail business continued to move out of the central area throughout the 1960s. The Fort Wayne Association of Housing and Building Industries estimates that over 80% of the new homes built in the 1970s were built in the suburbs of the city.
As with many cities in the last belt, in the 1980s, the inner city area declined, crime increased, and the number of blue collar manufacturing jobs decreased. In the central and surrounding areas, residents and companies continued to wane in rural areas of Allen County. In 1982, 9,000 residents were evacuated, causing damage to 2,000 buildings and the total amount of damage rose to US$56.1 million. Then President Ronald Reagan came to visit him quickly. The 1990s was the era of transformation and the authorities focused on the suppression of crime, economic diversification and redevelopment of the central town. By 1999, the crime rate dropped to the level in 1974, the city economy recovered, and the unemployment rate in 1998 remained around 2.4%. The dilapidated central building was demolished, the One Summit Square square was opened in 1991, the Court House Green was completed in 1998, and the Headwaters Park was built from 1995 to 1999 at a cost of US$16.9 million. Headwaters Park became a place for citizens to gather, and was the center of the city's flood control program, which cost 50 million dollars. In 1994, he celebrated the 200th anniversary of the establishment of the town.
Even in the 2000s, the focus has been on redevelopment and investment in the central town. The 10-year reform and expansion of the Allen County Public Library Main Library, the Grand Wayne Conference Center, and the Fort Wayne Museum started the transformation. In 2007, the development of Harrison Square, which cost 130 million US dollars, started and a new baseball field, parking lot, apartment, retail and hotel were built. The Parkview Baseball Stadium opened in 2009 and the Hotel Courtyard by Marriott opened in 2010. In 2011, Anthony Wayne Building, which had not been used, was converted into a 50-house apartment and retail store at a cost of US$15 million. With the opening of Jefferson Point, the first lifestyle center in the city, the suburban area continued to grow, and in 2012, the Park View Regional Medical Center, which cost US$536 million, was completed.
located in the northeastern central region of Indiana in the Midwest of the United States. It is about 18 miles west of Ohio (29 km) and about 50 miles south of Michigan (80 km). According to the National Census Bureau, the total area of the city is 110.83 square miles (287.0 km2), the land area is 110.62 square miles (286.5 km2), the water area is 0.21 square miles (0.54 km 2), and the water area is 0.19%.(41.07253, -85.13937).
The terrain affected by the Wisconsin Glacier is almost flat with inconspicuous hills and valleys. At the end of the glacial period, the glacier retreated, encroaching on the land, leaving a layer of homogeneous sediment. Perhaps the most characteristic terrain is the Cedar Creek Canyon, located just north of the city, near Hunter Town. The western part of the city is on the Tipton Drift Earth Plain, and the eastern part is the original black marsh. The St. Mary's River in the North and the St. Joseph River in the South meet almost in the center of the county into the Mawamy River, and then flow northeast into Lake Erie. It runs along the Saint Lawrence Continental Watershed, which separates the Great Lakes Basin and the Gulf System of Mexico.
The area of the forest in the city is 29%, twice the state average of 14.5%, and more than the domestic average of 27.1%. The rate has been reduced by artificial development and the invasion of Emerald Ash Borer (insects). Fort Wayne has been designated a city of American trees since 1990.
Fort Wayne is located in a wet continental climate (Dfa in Keppen). The four seasons are clear. It is hot and humid in the usual summer, and in the winter it is cold and some snow falls. The average annual rainfall measured at Fort Wayne International Airport is 37.9 inches (960 mm). The average amount of snow in winter is 32.9 inches (84 cm) per year. It often snows as a result of the lake's effects, but it is usually light and slightly slightly covered with snow.
According to the US National Meteorological Agency, the highest temperature was 106 degrees F (41 degrees C) recorded on June 28, 2012, and the lowest temperature in the past was -24 degrees F (-31 degrees C) recorded on January 12, 1918. The largest monthly rainfall ever was 11.00 inches (279 mm) in July 1986 and 4.93 inches (125 mm) on August 1, 1926 in 24 hours. The largest monthly snowfall in the past was 29.5 inches (75 cm) in January 1982, and the 24-hour snowfall was 13.6 inches (35 cm) on March 10, 1964.
Bad weather is good, especially in spring and summer. On May 26, 2001, a tornado of Kotaito Scale EF2 was attacked and three people were injured and some areas along the Colosseum Boulevard were damaged. In the North American storm in June 2012, 91 miles per hour (40 m/s) of wind blew, 78,000 households were cut off and about 500 trees were destroyed. The total amount of damage rose to US$2.5 million.
|Fort Wayne (Fort Wayne International Airport) Average between 1981 and 2010, the highest minimum is 1897 to the present climate|
|Maximum Temperature Record °F (°C)||69 |
|Mean maximum temperature°F (°C)||32.3 |
|Mean Minimum Temperature°F (°C)||17.8 |
|Minimum Temperature Recording °F (°C)||-24 |
|Precipitation inch (mm)||2.26 |
|Snowfall inch (cm)||10.5 |
|Average Number of Days of Precipitation ( ≥0.01 in)||12.6||10.1||12.2||12.9||13.0||10.9||9.8||9.4||9.1||9.7||11.2||13.0||134.0|
|Average number of days of snowfall ( ≥0.1 in)||9.5||6.7||4.1||1.0||0||0||0||0||0||.2||2.6||8.2||32.3|
|average monthly daylight time||148.8||161.0||207.7||252.0||313.1||339.0||347.2||319.3||258.0||207.7||123.0||108.5||2,785.3|
|Source: NOAA, HKO (sun only, 1961-1990)|
The city has been divided into four areas: northeast, northwest, southeast and southwest. Carhoun Street separates southwest from southeast, and northwest and northeast are separated by the St. Joseph River. The Mawmi River separates northeast and southeast, and a part of the St. Mary's River and the Chicago Fort Wayne and Eastern Railway separate northwest and southwest.
In the 19th century, there were many Greek, Gothic and Italian-style buildings in the city. The number of restored buildings in Greece has decreased, and the residence of Richardville built in 1827 has been designated as the National Register of Historic Places of the United States of America. Gothic and Gothic reactionary architecture are found in the most famous churches in the city. These include the Immaculate Concept Grand Temple built in 1860, the Trinity Episcopal Church built in 1865, and the St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church built in 1889.
The popular architectural styles in the early 20th century were Queen Anne style, Richardson-Romanesque style, Neoclassical style, Colonial style, Dutch-Colonial style, Tudor style, Prairie style, American-Crafts style, American-Foursquare style, and Earl Deco style. The Richardson Romanesque style buildings include the former Fort Wayne City Hall constructed in 1893, the Fire Service Garage No. 3 constructed in 1893, and the John H. Bus Residence constructed in 1902, all of which were designed by Wing & Muffin. Examples of the new classical style are the Masonic Temple built in 1926 and the North Side High School built in 1927. The Bosal style architecture closely related to the new classical style became popular during the urban beauty movement in the 1890s and early 1900s and was reflected in the Allen County County Office Building constructed in 1902. Allen County County Building is one of the two buildings in the city designated as the National Register of Historic Places in the United States. The Pennsylvania Station, also known as Baker Street Station, was designed in the style of American Crafts. The Earl Deco-style buildings include the Lincoln Bank Tower, which was 312 feet high (95 meters), the first high rise building in the city, and the highest building in the state (1930 to 1962), the Federal Building of the E. Ross Adair, built in 1932, and the United States Court. In the historic district of Williams Woodland Park, there are houses in Queen Ann style and in the Colonial Revival style. The Forest Park Boulevard Historic Center has a Tudor-retrostyle house.
Modern and post-modern buildings were constructed in the late twentieth century. The John D. Haines residence, constructed in 1952, was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and the Concordia Theological Seminary, constructed in 1953, was designed by Ero Sarinen. Michael Graves, a post-modern architect, received the first order in 1967 to construct the Hanselman residence, and the Sniderman residence in 1972 was later dismantled. The Arts United Center, built in 1973, was designed by Luis I. Khan, inspired by the violin and its case. Another well known building, the One Summit Square, built in 1982, is 442 feet high (135 meters), the highest in the city and the highest in the state except for Indianapolis City.
Parks and recreation
Fort Wayne Park and the recreation department maintain 86 public parks and three public golf courses in the city, and the total area is 2,805 acres (11 km2). Of them, Frank Park is the largest, and it is 316.4 square miles (1.3 km 2). The park houses Forlinger Theater, Lake Shof and Fort Wayne Children's Zoo, which has about 500,000 visitors a year. Other well known parks include Johnny Appleseed Park (where there is a grave of Appleseed) and Macarlock Park (where there is a grave of Samuel Bigger). Forlinger Freeman Plant Greenhouse, Headwaters Park, Lawton Skate Park and historic Fort Wayne are in the center. The Hashtown reservoir, close to Glabil, is the largest water area in the county and is popular among water sports such as sailing and fishing. The Fort Wayne Outfitters, along the central St. Mary's River, rent canoes, kayaks, rowboards, and barges, and you can enjoy recreation of the three rivers.
Since the 1970s, the river bank has developed a system of sidewalks and bicycle paths called River Greenway, and they are promoting the beautification of the river surface and the active lifestyle of residents. As of 2013, it was extended to a total length of 70 miles (112 km), extending to cities and counties. In 2009, it was designated as a national recreation trail.
In 2007, the Department of Transportation, Indiana, gave nearly US$1 million to the city as an aid to the construction of an extension section called the Pafherbury Trail of the Fort Wayne Trail Network. This will link the Fort Wayne Children's Zoo and the northern suburb of the city to the entire trail system. The plan is to use the track tracks as a sidewalk, and the Pen-Central Railway, which has been abolished, uses the right of passage. The final project will link to the Pokagon State Park near Angola in the north and to the Wabash State Park near Brahton in the south.
Cycling has become important for residents due to the development of the railroads in recent years. In 2009, the city government announced a plan to build more than 250 bicycle parking lots along the streets of the city in accordance with the newly adopted comprehensive plan called Bike Fort Wayne. In 2012, the American Bicycle Riding Union recognized the city as a bronze-level because it "provided safe consideration and facilities for cyclists, and encouraged citizens to ride bicycles for transportation and recreation."
In 2012, more than 480,000 people used the Fort Wayne Trail network.
|U.S. Census Bureau|
The first census was taken in 1744 under the order of the Viceroy of Louisiana, with population of about 40 Frenchmen and about 1,000 Miami Indians.
The city has an estimated 6,000 Myanmar-American residents.
Households and family (number of households)
The following is demographic data from the 2000 census.
Households and family (number of households)
income and family
Fort Wayne is sometimes called a city of churches. This is an unofficial nickname because it was located mainly in the area of the Catholic Church, the Lutheran Church, and the Episcopal Church in the late 19th century. There are about 360 churches in the city today. 54% of the citizens are believed to be religious, slightly higher than the national average of 49%. Of these, 16% were Catholic, 9% were Lutheran Church, 6.5% were Baptist, 5% were Methodist, 0.14% were Judaism, and 16.5% were Christianity. Religious minorities such as Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam are increasing among immigrants.
St. Mary's was established as the first Catholic parish from 1834 to 1835 at the site where the Immaculate Concept Grand Temple is now located. The St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church was established in 1837 as the second Lutheran Church in the city at the beginning of the city. The Trinity Episcopal Church was the first permanent episcopal church in the city in 1850. The reformist Jews are at the Conglycation Akdas Betholom, which was established in 1848 and is the oldest Jewish church in the state. Binai Jacob is for the conservative Jews. Both churches belong to the Fort Wayne Jewish Federation. In 2013, the construction of the first Myanmar Muslim mosque started. This was the first time in the world since the mid-1970s. Myanmar immigrants have fled religious persecution in their home countries and more than 30 mosques have been destroyed in Myanmar.
As of December 2012, four Christian groups have their headquarters in the city. the American Society of the Lutheran Church, the Association of Fundamental Baptist Fellowship, the Mission Church Inc., and the Fellowship of the Evangelical Church. The headquarters of the Roman Catholic Fort Wayne South Bend, which governs 14 counties in North Indiana, are also located in the city.
In Fort Wayne's economic history, the manufacturing industry is deeply rooted, and we can go back to the early stages of growth as an important trade point for the Wobash and Erie Canal. Soon after the canal was opened, the railway opened, and traffic with the rapidly growing industrial cities around the Great Lakes such as Chicago, Detroit, Toledo and Cleveland became more enhanced and easier. From the early to middle of the 20th century, manufacturing was the center of the city economy. Industrial output grew 747% between 1900 and 1930, and production in 1929 grew to US$95 million, sharply up from US$11 million in 1899. The labor force also increased from 18,000 in 1900 to 50,000 in 1930.
Companies in the city include Dana Corporation, Fluhoff Corporation, General Electric, International Harvester, Magnabox, Old Crown Brewing Corporation and Tockheim. The products include refrigerators, washing machines, automatic sound storage machines, meat processing machines, TVs, garbage disposers, automotive parts and engines, trailers, gasoline pumps, trucks, beer, tents and curtains. Production of magnetic wires has become a separate factor for the city economy. In 1960, it became the hub of domestic magnetic wire production, and there were companies such as New Haven Wire and Cable Co., Ltd., Phelpsudodge, Ray Magnet Wire, and Spepia Essex, and the General Electric Fort Wayne plant produced nearly 90% of the magnetic wire in North America. ... The 1970s and 1980s were periods of economic recession. The manufacturing infrastructure collapsed, the blue-collar labor force decreased, and the other economy in the last belt joined the city. The biggest blow to the city economy was that on September 27, 1982, International Harvester, who employed 10,600 people at its peak, announced that it will shut down its assembly plants. In the recession of the early 1980s, factories in other areas were shut down, and the city lost 30,000 workers and the unemployment rate was 12.1%. The General Motors' entry into Allen County in 1987 has filled up a hole in International Harvester and hired 3,000 people to help revitalize the region.
In the 1990s and 2000s, the city has diversified its economy. The manufacturing industry only employed 16.9% of the Allen County workforce. Other important industries include 23.1% for logistics and transportation, 17.9% for medical care, 12.1% for specialized services and business services, 11.1% for leisure and lodging and 6.3% for financial services. The leisure and lodging business was especially developed, and in 2009 5.7 million tourists spent US$466 million in the city. It became the center of the defense industry and employed thousands of people in the city, including BAE Systems (1,015 people), ITT Excel (1,203) and Raytheon Systems (950 people). In 2012, the county's labor force was 174,207 and the unemployment rate was 8.3%.
The headquarters of Fort Wayne are De It Best, Franklin Electric, Frontier Communications Central Region, Gentech, Indiana Michigan Power, K&K Insurance, Medical Protection, North American Van Lines, Ray Magnet Wire, Steel Dynamics, Sweetwater Sound, and Bela Bradley. Steel Dynamics ranks 318th in the Fortune 500, and is the only company to be listed in the ranking with its headquarters in the city.
According to the Fort Wayne Allen County Economic Development Union, as of November 2013, the 10 biggest employers in the county are as follows:
|rank||employer||number of employees|
|1||Parkview Health System||4,710|
|2||Rutheran Health Network||4,301|
|1||Fort Wayne Community Schools||4,230|
|6||Lincoln Financial Group||1,970|
|9||University of Indiana, Purdue University, Fort Wayne||1,255|
The Embassy was an art theater with 2,471 seats and was initially built as a movie theater in 1928. From the concert tour, to the Broadway musical, dance, local events and lectures, the company has 200,000 users a year. The Fort Wayne Symphony Orchestra has been using the theater since its establishment in 1944. The School of Visual Arts at the University of Indiana and Purdue Fort Wayne has 85,000 square feet (7,900 m2) in size, 1,600 seats, the John and Luce Reinhardt Music Center (opened in 2007) and the Ernest E. Williams Theater (opened in 1992), which has 297 seats. St. Francis University Entertainment Center is located on its central campus, with 2,086 seats.
The cultural district of the central town has been the United Art Center, the Auer Art and Culture Center, the Fort Wayne Museum of Art and the Hall Community Arts Center since its establishment in 2010. The Art United Center has 660 seats, including the Fort Wayne Citizen Theater, Fort Wayne Dance Collection and the Fort Wayne Youth Theater. The Auer Center for Art and Culture opened in 2011 includes the Fort Wayne Valley team among many cultural organizations. As of October 2013, 200 black box theaters with seats in the audience are under construction. The Hall Community Arts Center is located at the eastern end of the area, where movie theaters can be found.
The Grand Wayne Conference Center is mainly used for exhibitions and meetings, but there are dancing and chorus events, such as the Northwest Festival, the foundation of art and music in the annual education. About 17,000 local artists and musicians participate every year. Since 1987, 3.2 million people have been working on multicultural art programs in 40 counties in northern Indiana. The outdoor Fallinger Theater near the zoo in Frank Park has about 2,500 seats and plays and concerts in warm seasons. The Arena Dinner Theater, located to the west of the central town, is a non-profit community art organization that focuses on the performance of the play and performs seven non-cut plays every year.
- The Barbecue Festival will be held in Headwaters Park in the middle of June for four days, and the Barbecue Festival will be cooked, served at the stands and played live. It attracts about 40,000 spectators every year
- The Baskerfest is held at One Summit Square in the evening of late June. It is a festival of a bus car, or street performer. Hifuki , Kobue-tai , Blakedance, Jagler, Pantomime, Chalk painting, etc.
- Fort 4 Fitness, which started in 2008, appeals to the residents about healthy lifestyles. There is a half-marathon, a four-mile (6.4 km) race, walking, health fair and healthy food exhibition. More than 9,000 people participated in the 2011 half marathon. In 2012, Fort 4 Fitness held the first spring cycle, Bike the Fort, and more than 1,000 people participated in the three tour
- Fort Wayne Pride will be held in Headwaters Park in the second two days in late July. It started in 1996 and celebrates the LGBT society of the Northeast Indian. There are Pride March, "Fort Wayne's Fine Drag Show," live performances, street stalls and comedy routines.
- The Germanfest started in 1981 to celebrate the largest ancestral population in the city. The Germanfest Bake-off and the National Winner Dog Finals will be held. held at Headwaters Park in the first week of June
- The Greek Festival is held in Headwaters Park in the fourth day of late June. Beginning in 1980, it celebrates the Greek Historical Heritage Site by cooking, music, dancing and a 5km run and walk
- The Holiday Festival starts on the day before Sun Cedar Day (the fourth Thursday of November), and ends at a fireworks display at the Parkview Baseball Stadium with PNC Santa's lighting and Radian lighting display, Wells Fargo Holiday Display and Indiana Michigan Power Christmas Race. Other events of the season include the Ginger Bread Festival at the History Center, the Tree Festival at the Embassy, the Raindialomp 5k, and the Headwaters Park Ice Link
- The Japanese Cherry Blossom Festival is held in central town on the first day of May. Celebrating Japanese Culture through Music, Art, Cooking, and Relationship with Takaoka City, the sister city of Fort Wayne, and the Cherry Blossom Season
- The Johnny Apple Seed Festival is held in Johnny Apple Seed Park in the third week of September. It is believed that Johnny Applesode, a legendary American, is buried in this park. There is a historical reproduction that reminds us of the times of traditional food, crafts and apple seeds, and an estimated 300,000 people gather annually
- The National Soccer Festival is held at the Hefner Soccer Stadium at Indiana University Purdue University Fort Wayne for nearly four days near the end of August. Twenty university soccer teams compete. There are other games, live performances and street stalls
- The Three River Festival will be held for an estimated 400,000 spectators during the nine days in mid-July. There are more than 200 exhibits, including community parades, midways, hot dog fast-eating contests, bed races, raft races, art festivals, and fireworks contests
- Every July, an anime convention called "Ikascon" is held at the Grand Wayne Conference Center.
The African-African-American History Museum, opened near the city center in 2000, has 10 exhibits on the history of the American slavery, the Metro Rail (secret society), the African-American inventor, and the local African-American community on two floors. The Fort Wayne Museum, established in 1921, is certified by the American Museum Association and specializes in collecting and exhibiting American art. Just south of it is the Auer Art and Culture Center, which opened in 2011 to house the local art and cultural organizations such as art links. The Greater Fort Wayne Air Museum in Fort Wayne International Airport has a history of local aviation, and exhibits monuments related to local aviators such as Art Smith, the World War II Ace Pilot and Paul Funk Bear. The History Center belongs to the former city hall and manages more than 23,000 artifacts that remind people of the history of the area. The center is supervised by the Allen County Fort Wayne Historical Association, which also maintains the residence of Richardville, one of the two United States National Register of Historic Places in the city.
The historic Fort Wayne is a replica of the fort built in 1815, and is located on the opposite side of the St. Mary's River in Headwaters Park near the point where the three rivers meet. Regular tours and historical reproduction are conducted throughout the year at this fort. The Fire Department No. 3 in the central town is the Fort Wayne Fire Museum, which exhibits the structures of the Fort Wayne Fire Station since 1839, and four fire engines used before. Science Central, an interactive science center, is located at the Old City Dento Power Plant just north of the central town. There is a permanent exhibition and a temporary exhibition here, and 130,000 people visit there annually. The Carpels Original Library Museum is one of 10 similar museums in Japan, and exhibits famous documents and artifacts collected through educational activities.
Fort Wayne is home to three minor league sports teams. It is the Fort Wayne Comets of the East Coast Hockey League, the Fort Wayne Maddenz of the NBA Development League, and the Fort Wayne Tincaps of the Mid-West League (baseball). The Fort Wayne Derby Girls of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association Division 2 (Roller Game) are also based there. Interuniversity sports include Indiana University and Purdue University Fort Wayne of the NCAA Division I Summit League, Indiana Institute of Technology of NAIA (Wolverine Fuger Athletic Conference), and St. Francis University (Cross Rose League and Mid-State Football Association).
Originally, there were three professional teams. NBA's Fort Wayne Pistons (now Detroit), Fort Wayne Daisy of the Women's Professional Baseball League, and Fort Wayne Kekiongas of the National Professional Baseball Players Association (the first major league).
There was a beginner about some sports in Fort Wayne. On May 4, 1871, there was the first pro baseball game between Fort Wayne Kekiongas and Cleveland Forest Cities. The game was interrupted by the rain when Keokinggas led two to zero to the top of the ninth inning. On June 2, 1883, there was a game of the Quincy Professionals as the first night illumination baseball game recorded. In 1948, Carl Bennett, a coach of Fort Wayne Pistons, mediated a merger between BAA and NBL at his house on Alexander Street, and thus the current NBA was born. On March 10, 1961, Wilt Chamberlain became the first player to reach 3,000 points in a season at the NBA game in Memorial Colosseum.
In the 2007 Street & Smith Sports Business Journal, Fort Wayne was listed as "the best place in the country for Minor League Sports." It was ranked second in the 2009 assessment.
|Sports teams in Fort Wayne|
|Name||sport||league||year of establishment||venue||victory record|
|Fort Wayne Derby Girls||roller derby||Women's Flat Truck Derby Association Division 2||2005||Allen County War Memorial Coliseum|
|Fort Wayne Comets||ice hockey||East Coast Hockey League||1952||Allen County War Memorial Coliseum||1963, 1965, 1973, 1993, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012|
|Fort Wayne Maddenz||Basketball||NBA Development League||2007||Allen County War Memorial Coliseum|
|Fort Wayne Tincaps||Baseball||Mid West League||1993||Parkview Baseball Stadium||2009|
law and politics
The city government takes the form of a mayor and a municipal committee. The mayor, the municipal secretary and the municipal mayor are elected for a four-year term. The municipal government has nine members, six of whom will be elected from the single-seat constituency and three of whom will be elected from the entire city.
Indiana's state legislature sent three to the Senate and five to the House of Representatives. In the House of Representatives of the United States, it belongs to the third district of Indiana, and has been sending Republicans since 2010.
The Indiana State Law's Unigab clause automatically consolidated the city and county when the city's population exceeded 250,000 and became the state's first-class city. On January 1, 2006, a small part of Abbeit County and Wayne County Wards was merged to satisfy the conditions with an increase of 25,094 people. However, in 2004, the condition of the first class city was raised from 250,000 to 600,000. Only Indianapolis City is the city within the state.
The Federal Building of the E. Ross Adair and the United States Court have the District Court of North Indiana, the United States of America, which was certified by the United States Congress in 1928.
The law enforcement is handled by Fort Wayne police station and has 460 police officers. In 2006, the crime rate was 5,104.1 per 100,000 people, which exceeded the national average of 4,479.3. There were 18 murders, 404 robbers and 2,128 thieves. As of 2010, Fort Wayne Fire Station has 375 fire station staff at 18 branch offices.
The city has Indiana University, Purdue University, Fort Wayne, and 14,190 students, the fifth largest public university in the state. There is also the Northeast Region Campus of Ivy Engineering Community College. It is the second largest public community college in the state. Indiana University is the third largest public higher education institution in the city, and has a medical education, Fort Wayne Center, at the university's medical school.
The city universities include Concordia Theological School, Indiana Institute of Technology and St. Francis University. Several local colleges, including Indiana Wesreyan University, Manchester University Faculty of Medicine and Triane University, have recently increased the number of Cross Rose Bible College and Grace College. The two new schools share the campus of the former Taylor University Fort Wayne. Other facilities include Brown McKee College, Harrison College, International Business College, ITT Institute of Technology, Medtech College, National College and Los Medical Education Center.
Public education in the city is administered by four school districts. It is a school district in East Allen County, Fort Wayne Community, Northwest Allen County and Southwest Allen County. Fort Wayne Community School District is the largest school district in the state. The number of children in the education year from 2011 to 2012 was 31,022. The majority of private education is administered by the Indiana area of the Lutheran Church and the Fort Wayne South Bend Parish of the Roman Catholic Church. Black Hawk Christian School and Canterbury School are private schools that teach students 12 years from kindergarten. In the rural areas of eastern Allen County, Amish Indiana Parish School teaches students to the eighth grade. In the 10 counties of northeastern Indiana, New Tech High School is the second most concentrated in India. The concentration of New Tech High School, which specializes in technology, is the largest.
The Allen County Public Library was established in 1895 and now has 24 branch offices in the county. From 2002 to 2007, the company spent US$84.1 million to rebuild the entire system. The main building has a floor area of 367,000 square feet (34,100 square meters 2) and also has galleries, bookstores, cafes and halls. In 2009, a total of three million users of the system borrowed 7.4 million. Fred J. Reynolds, Department of History and Genealogy, which is in the main building, has more than 350,000 printed materials, 513,000 microfilms and microfiche, and it boasts the largest collection of pedigree records in Japan.
All national TV broadcasting, including public broadcasting services, is available in the city. There are also two stations of public broadcasting radio.
The daily paper is published with "The Journal Gazette" and "The News Sentinel" which won the Pulitzer Prize. The two papers are different from the editorial department, but under the cooperative management agreement, Fort Wayne News Papers Inc. is responsible for printing, advertising and distribution. The weekly newspapers include "Greater Fort Wayne Business Weekly," "Watts Up," a newspaper for entertainment and education, and "Frost Illustrated," an African american.
The Fort Wayne International Airport, which has 650,000 passengers in 2010, is the third largest airport in the state. This is also the Fort Wayne Air State Military Base of the 122nd Fighter Battalion. The Smith Airport in the northern part of the city is mainly used for general purposes.
main high-standard road
The interstate expressway that runs through the city has Route 69 and its subsidiary, Route 469. Route 69 ends at Interstate Expressway Route 465 in Indianapolis City in the south, and ends at Canada's border in Port Huron, Michigan in the north. Unlike other cities of the same size, there is no road dedicated to automobiles in the central area. In 1946, a federal budget of US$27 million was raised to propose a road dedicated to vehicles that runs through the center of the city from east to west to north. At that time, in the absence of housing after World War II, it was necessary to demolish nearly 1,500 houses, and the opposition movement succeeded because of the fear of moving ethnic minorities to white residential areas. In 1947, a referendum on the construction of a car-only road called Anthony Wayne Parkway was rejected.
Interstate Expressway Route 69 was constructed from 1962 to 1971 to go around the western and northern suburbs of the city. The Route 469, a circular road, was constructed from 1988 to 1995, running around the south and east edges of Fort Wayne and New Haven. The project cost US$27 million, the biggest public project in Allen County. With the completion of Route 469, most of the federal and state roads were rebuilt to bypass the city. The U.S. National Route 24, 27, 30 and 33 run through the city. Indiana State Road has five routes: Route 1, Route 3, Route 14, Route 37 and Route 930. In 2001, the extension section of Airport Express Way was completed, and Fort Wayne International Airport and Interstate Expressway Route 69 were directly connected. The cost was $9.8 million.
The Amtrak train, Broadway Limited (from Chicago to New York via Pittsburgh), had stopped at Fort Wayne until 1990, and then the route was diverted north. Amtrack's Capitol Limited is the nearest stop to Waterloo, about 25 miles (40 km) north of Fort Wayne. There was a movement to revive passenger trains in the city in the form of Amtrak's high speed railway. First class railway (Norfolk Southern Railway) and two third class railway (CSX Transport) are operated as freight trains. The Norfolk Southern Railway Company's subsidiary, Triple Crown Services, is the nation's largest truck transportation company with its head office and main operations in Fort Wayne.
Fort Wayne's mass transit system is managed by Fort Wayne's transportation company. The City Link operates 12 bus routes to the city and New Haven from Central Station in the central town. Launched in 2009, the campus link is a free shuttle bus service for students, teachers and the general public, connecting Coliseum and North Campus of the Ivy Engineering Community College, student housing, shopping and residential areas of Indiana University Purdue University and Waterfield Campus. A total of 2.2 million people use it annually. The inter-city bus service is operated by Greyhound (Indianapolis, Toledo, Detroit) and Lakefront Lines (Chicago, Columbus, and Acron).
There are six general hospitals in the city. Dupon Hospital, Lutheran Indianapolis Hospital, Parkview Community Medical Center, Parkview Hospital Run Laria, Fort Wayne Rehabilitation Hospital, and St. Joseph Hospital. These six hospitals belong to either the Parkview Health System or the Lutheran Health Network. The US Department of Veterans Affairs, North Indiana Medical System, Fort Wayne Campus, provides medical services through the US Department of Veterans Affairs.
public works projects
Indiana Michigan Electric Power supplies the electricity. North Indiana Public Works Company is supplying natural gas. The city supplies 72 million US gallons (270,000 meters 3) of water a day, using the Three River Purification Plant and the St. Joseph River. The Hashtown reservoir in the northern part of Allen County stores 1.8 billion US gallons of water (6,800,000 meters 3) to handle both drought and the disaster of three rivers. The city also conducts sewage treatment and garbage collection.
Fort Wayne connects four cities with sister cities.
|city||country||year of conclusion|
|Takaoka City, Toyama Prefecture||Japan||1977|
|Taizhou City, Zhejiang||China||2012|
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- Violette, Ralph (1999). Fort Wayne, Indiana. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7524-1309-0
- Fort Wayne Kekiongas (a baseball team based in Fort Wayne)
- Steam Locomotive No. 765 of Nickel Plate Railway (steam locomotives preserved in a dynamic state in the city)
- Siege of Fort Wayne
- Fort Wayne official website
- Fort Wayne-Allen County Economic Development Alliance
- The Downtown Improvement District
- Visit Fort Wayne
- WikiVoyages have travel information about Fort Wayne.